In Romania you don’t have mineral rights for the ground under your property

The mining law in Romania stipulates that all mineral wealth under the soil is the exclusive property of the state. You, if you happen to have a house or field sitting on mineral ore deposits, like iron, gold, or coal, gas, oil, etc., then you don’t have any right to it, and run the risk to be easily expropriated by the state at meager market prices, losing a large part of your investment, effort and time invested in your property. The big problem, apart from outrightly excluding you from a stake in that wealth, is the fact that because of the prevalent corruption in Romania, those money will be in important part siphoned off and not used for the public good. This video discusses those conflicts, and the need to make an informed decision when you decide to buy a property in Romania, by paying attention to a lesser known aspect of the property legislation.


My aim, through this series of blog articles, is to inspire appreciation of the historic houses of Romania and Southeast Europe, a virtually undiscovered, but fascinating chapter of world’s architectural history and heritage.


If you have a historic house project in Romania or other country in Southeast Europe, I would be delighted to advise you in aspects pertaining to its architectural history and ways to preserve as much as possible from its period fabric and aesthetics in the course of restoration or renovation works, or to counsel you with specialist consultancy work related to that project. To discuss your particular plan please see my contact details in the Contact page of this website.

2 thoughts on “In Romania you don’t have mineral rights for the ground under your property

  • Hi Valentin

    Situation is slightly different in Australia.
    Generally there are no upper or lower limits on the title. This means that the owner of the land owns all the air space above it and all the ground below. Sometimes an existing title will show a depth limitation, meaning that the owner only has rights down to 50 feet, which is 15.24 metres. If there is an existing depth limitation then this will be shown on the plan. There could be some titles where it applies to only part of the land. It is important to ascertain whether there is a depth limitation if significant excavation is required for foundations or where lots were going to be below the ground, such as basement car parks. Moreover we do not have a tradition of governments forcing owners off the land so that it can be mined. If the land is sought then a fair compensation is agreed upon. Fortunately we do not have corruption in the management of land that you appear to suffer from.

    best wishes


    • Thank you Robin, for the very insightful comment! It makes a good comparison case between such different systems and traditions of property ownership and mining legislation. The Romanian one suffers from the dictatorial legacy of the country, and lack of awareness of the public regarding their potential rights and benefits, on a background of high corruption and messy legislation. Things are still having a few generations, perhaps, to wait to straighten up, to resemble a bit from what Australia has for generations already. Regards, Valentin



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